Ain Shams University was founded in July 1950, the third-oldest non-sectarian native public Egyptian university (ancient Islamic universities such as Al-Azhar and private institutions such as the American University in Cairo are older), under the name of Ibrahim Pasha‘s University. Its site used to be a former royal palace, called the Zafarana Palace.
The two earlier universities of this kind are Cairo University (Fuad I university) and Alexandria University (Farouk I university). When it was first established, Ain Shams University had a number of faculties and academic institutes, which were later developed into a university.
The university’s academic structure includes 14 faculties, 1 college and 2 high institutes plus 12 centers and special units.